Visiting the UK for a short period of time can be done with ease once you have obtained the correct visa. Whereas working in the UK requires a work visa, which does not depend on whether or not you have visited the UK previously. So it is fine to visit the UK, if you are considering work later on, it will help you familiarise yourself with the culture, but it is not a requirement. Once you have been working in the UK for 5 years, it is possible to apply for settled status or indefinite leave to remain. Settled status or indefinite leave to remain gives you the right to live in the UK without any immigration restrictions and also provides a range of rights and benefits. No matter what your reasons for moving from Spain to the UK, it is important to ensure that you have the correct visas and documents so that your move can be successful.
Requirements for obtaining a visa for a short-term visit
When travelling to the United Kingdom from Spain, it is important to understand the visa requirements for a short-term visit. Depending on the purpose of your visit, different visas may be required.
The most common type of visa for a short-term visit is a Standard Visitor visa. This visa is valid for up to six months, and allows you to enter the UK for business, pleasure or to see family and friends. To qualify for this visa you must:
- Be 18 years of age or over
- Have enough money to support yourself while in the UK
- Not intend to work or study while in the UK
- Intend to leave the UK at the end of your visit
You will also need to provide documents to prove your identity, address and that you have enough funds to support yourself. This can include bank statements, travel insurance documents and proof of address. If you are travelling for business reasons, you will need to provide additional information about the organisation you are visiting.
It is also important to note that if you plan to stay in the UK for longer than 6 months, or if you are planning to work or study in the UK, then you will need to apply for a different type of visa.
Types of visas available for visitors
When visiting the UK, you’ll need to determine which visa is right for you. Depending on the length of your stay and the purpose of your visit, there are several types of visas available.
Tourist Visa: This is a short-term visa which allows you to visit the UK for a maximum of six months. This type of visa is suitable for those looking to take a holiday in the UK or to visit family and friends.
Business Visa: If you’re travelling to the UK for business purposes, such as attending meetings, conferences or training courses, then you’ll need to apply for a business visa. Depending on the length and purpose of your trip, you may be eligible for a multiple-entry visa.
Family Visa: If you have family members who are already living in the UK, they may be able to help you obtain a visa to visit them. The requirements for this type of visa vary depending on the relationship between you and your family members.
Student Visa: If you plan to study in the UK, you’ll need to apply for a student visa. This type of visa allows you to stay in the UK for up to six months and participate in full-time study or research.
Work Visa: There are several types of work visas available in the UK, depending on the type of job and employer you have. You may be eligible for an entrepreneur visa if you wish to set up a business in the UK, or a skilled worker visa if you have an offer of employment from a recognised UK employer.
Application process and required documents
When applying for a visa to enter the UK from Spain, you will need to provide certain documents in order to be considered for a successful visa application.
The documents you need depend on the type of visa you are applying for. For example, if you are applying for a tourist or family visit visa, you may need to provide evidence that you have enough funds to cover the cost of your stay, or proof of your relationship with any family members who are accompanying you.
For a business visa, you may need to provide a copy of an invitation from the company that you will be visiting in the UK, along with proof of financial support for your stay and evidence of your business activities.
In all cases, applicants must also provide:
- A valid passport and two passport-sized photos
- A completed visa application form
- Evidence that you can support yourself financially during your stay
- Proof of accommodation (if applicable)
- Copies of any academic qualifications
- Copies of any previous UK visas (if applicable)
You may also need to provide additional documents depending on your individual circumstances. It is best to contact the British Embassy in Spain or the nearest consulate to determine exactly what is required before submitting your application.
Duration of stay allowed under each visa type
When applying for a visa to enter the UK from Spain, the amount of time you are allowed to stay in the country will depend on the type of visa you obtain.
The most common types of visas available for visitors from Spain are the Standard Visitor Visa and the Family Visitor Visa. With a Standard Visitor Visa, you may stay in the UK for up to 6 months (or 11 months for Academic Visitors). With a Family Visitor Visa, you may stay up to 6 months per visit or up to 12 months if you are joining a family member in the UK who is already living there.
Other visa types may also be available depending on the purpose of your visit. For example, if you are travelling to the UK for medical treatment or business activities, you may be able to obtain a longer-term visa that allows you to stay in the country for up to 2 years.
No matter what type of visa you apply for, it is important to make sure that you only stay in the UK for the maximum amount of time allowed under your visa. Staying beyond the permitted length of stay could lead to serious consequences, including deportation and a ban from entering the UK for up to 10 years.
Working in the UK
Finding the right job can be a challenge, so it’s important to understand the process of obtaining a visa and residence permit if you plan to stay in the UK long-term.
Finding a Job:
The UK’s job market is highly competitive and often employers will require evidence that you have the right to work in the UK, such as a visa. There are various resources to help you find the right job for you. Websites such as Indeed, Glassdoor, and Total Jobs list jobs from a variety of sectors. You can also use specialist recruitment agencies that offer advice on where to search for jobs, how to write an effective CV, and how to prepare for interviews.
Applying for a Residence Permit:
If you plan on staying in the UK long-term then you may need to apply for a residence permit. To qualify for this, you must prove that you have the right to stay in the UK. This may include providing evidence of your finances, showing your qualifications, and having health insurance. Additionally, you must pass a ‘Good Character’ test before being granted a residence permit.
Once you have obtained the necessary visas and permits, you can start settling into life in the UK. Learning the language is key to making your move easier and more successful. Many cities and towns offer language classes or online courses that can help you get started. There are also many support services available that can help you with any issues or problems you may face.
With careful preparation, hard work, and determination, working in the UK can be an exciting and rewarding experience. The country is full of opportunity and provides an excellent quality of life for those who take the plunge and make the move.
Requirements for obtaining a work visa
If you wish to work in the UK, you will need to apply for a work visa. The type of work visa that you will need depends on your circumstances and the length of time you plan to stay in the UK.
If you are from an EU or EEA country, you will not need a work visa as long as you are employed in the UK for more than three months. If you plan to stay in the UK for a longer period, then you will need to apply for a residence permit.
Types of work visas available
If you are looking to work in the UK from Spain, there are a number of different types of work visas you can apply for. The type of visa you will need depends on the job you want to do and how long you plan to stay in the UK.
To work in the UK, you may need a visa depending on your citizenship and the type of work you will be doing. The UK has a points-based system for immigration, and there are various routes available for both short-term and long-term work. Under the new rules, all non-EEA nationals who are not settled workers or do not have permission to work in the UK will need a visa.
One option for working in the UK is the Skilled Worker visa, which is a sponsored visa for migrant workers in a specific, eligible skilled occupation for a Home Office-approved employer. The cost for applying for this visa ranges from £610 to £1408, and may be reduced for EEA nationals or for jobs on the shortage occupation list. The sponsoring organization may also need to pay an Immigration Skills Charge. To qualify for a Skilled Worker visa, the applicant must have a genuine job offer from a UK licensed sponsor that meets the minimum salary and skill requirements, have sufficient funds to support themselves, and be able to speak English to a set standard. The visa can be granted for up to 5 years and can be extended as long as the applicant continues to meet the requirements.
Another option is the Global Business Mobility visa, which launched on April 11, 2022 and has five sub-categories for different types of workers. These visas allow for greater flexibility and agility for deploying workers with specific expertise to the UK for specific projects or commercial needs. These routes do not lead to settlement. Sub-categories include the Senior or Specialist worker visa, Graduate Trainee visa, UK Expansion Worker visa, Service Suppliers visa and Secondment Workers visa.
For healthcare professionals, there is the Health and Care Worker visa which is a sub-category of the Skilled Worker route. This visa is designed for overseas medical professionals to work in eligible roles with the NHS or NHS supplier, or within the adult social care sector. The cost of this visa ranges from £232 to £464, and sponsoring employers may also need to pay an Immigration Skills Charge. To qualify, the applicant must be a qualified doctor, nurse or health or adult social care professional working for a UK licensed employer that meets the minimum salary requirements and meet financial maintenance and English language requirements.
Lastly, there is the Graduate visa, which is unsponsored visa for overseas students who have been studying in the UK and wish to work in the country after graduation. To be eligible for this visa, the applicant must have completed a UK higher education course and have a valid job offer. The length of stay for this visa is for 2 years and there is no possibility of settlement.
Application process and required documents
To apply for a visa, you will need to fill out an online application form and provide supporting documents that prove your identity and the reason for your visit. You will also be required to pay the relevant visa fees.
The documents you must provide when applying for a UK visa from Spain depend on the type of visa you are applying for. Generally speaking, you will need to provide evidence of:
- Your identity and nationality
- Your relationship to any family members travelling with you
- Your purpose of visit
- Any funds you have available to cover your stay in the UK
- Any arrangements you have made to leave the UK before your visa expires
- Any plans you have to work in the UK (if applicable)
- For most visa types, you will also need to provide:
- A valid passport
- A recent passport-style photograph
- A completed visa application form
- Proof that you have sufficient funds for the duration of your stay
- A completed tuberculosis screening form (if applicable)
- Evidence that you have arranged medical insurance for the duration of your stay in the UK (if applicable)
Depending on your specific circumstances, the UK embassy may require additional documents. It is important to check the specific visa requirements before submitting your application.
Settling in the UK
The first step in settling in the UK is to secure a job. There are various ways to find employment including online job search websites and networking with people you know who are already living in the UK. It is important to research the job market in the area you plan to live and make sure you understand the requirements and qualifications needed to apply for jobs.
Applying for a Residence Permit: Once you have secured a job, you can apply for a residence permit. This is an important document that allows you to live and work in the UK. Depending on the type of visa you have, you may need to apply for a residence permit before you can start working.
Settling In: Now that you have settled into your new home, it is time to start exploring the area and familiarizing yourself with the culture and lifestyle of your new city. There are plenty of activities to keep you occupied during your stay in the UK, from sightseeing to taking part in local events.
Learn the Language: Learning English is an important part of settling in the UK. English is the official language in the UK and it is essential for communication, so it is important to get as much practice as possible. If you are serious about living in the UK long-term, it is highly recommended that you learn at least basic English. There are many resources available online and offline to help you learn English quickly and effectively.
Requirements for obtaining settled status or indefinite leave to remain
If you are a non-EEA citizen moving to the UK, you will need to apply for settled status or indefinite leave to remain (ILR). This is a form of permanent residence and it will allow you to stay in the UK indefinitely.
In order to apply for settled status or ILR, you must meet certain requirements:
- You must have lived in the UK legally for a continuous period of 5 years.
- You must be able to demonstrate that you have sufficient knowledge of English, Welsh or Scottish Gaelic.
- You must pass the ‘Life in the UK’ test which covers information about British life and culture.
- You must not have any unspent criminal convictions in the UK.
- You must have sufficient funds to support yourself without needing access to public funds.
- You must not be in the UK in breach of immigration laws.
It is important to note that if you are applying for indefinite leave to remain based on being a partner or parent of a British citizen, then you must have held a valid visa for a continuous period of 5 years. Additionally, if you are applying for indefinite leave to remain based on long residency, you must have spent no more than 540 days outside of the UK during the 5 year period.
Once your application has been approved, you will receive a biometric residence permit which will confirm your right to remain indefinitely in the UK.
Eligibility criteria for settled status or indefinite leave to remain
The UK Government has set out several eligibility criteria for applicants to be considered for settled status or indefinite leave to remain. These include:
- You must have been living in the UK legally and continuously for at least 5 years.
- You must have met the income threshold of earning an annual salary of at least £18,600, or have a regular income that demonstrates you can maintain yourself and any dependents without using public funds.
- You must pass the ‘Life in the UK’ test and demonstrate that you are of good character.
- You must demonstrate that you have held valid leave to remain for the 5 year period.
- You must also have a valid passport or travel document.
If you meet all these criteria, you may be eligible to apply for indefinite leave to remain or settled status in the UK. However, it is important to note that the application process is often complex, so it is best to seek professional advice from an immigration lawyer or solicitor before proceeding.
Rights and benefits of settled status or indefinite leave to remain
Having settled status or indefinite leave to remain (ILR) in the UK allows people to live, work, and study in the country for an indefinite period of time. With this status, you can also access many rights and benefits that would otherwise be unavailable to you.
With settled status or ILR, you have the right to:
- live in the UK without any time restrictions;
- work in any job without having to gain permission from the UK Government;
- enrol in education and training programmes without restrictions;
- access most social security benefits, including unemployment, child benefit, and housing benefits;
- apply for British citizenship after a certain period of time;
- bring family members to the UK who are citizens of certain countries; and
- vote in local and general elections.
Having settled status or ILR also opens up a wide range of opportunities and possibilities for you in the UK, such as the chance to own your own business, buy property, and travel freely in and out of the country.
It is important to remember that if you have obtained settled status or ILR through a visa, it is only valid for the duration of that visa. If your visa expires or is cancelled, so too will your right to remain in the UK.
Travel arrangements & checklists
Before you make your move to the UK, it is important to make sure you have everything in order. To ensure a smooth transition, here are some travel arrangements and checklists to consider:
- Book your flight and accommodation: Make sure you book your flight and accommodation in advance so you have a place to stay once you arrive in the UK.
- Gather all necessary documents: Make sure you have all the necessary documents for your visa application, as well as any documents related to your job or other activities in the UK.
- Get an NHS number: It is important to get your NHS number before arriving in the UK so that you can access health care services.
- Pack appropriately: Make sure to pack all the essential items you need for your stay in the UK such as warm clothing, medication, and personal items.
- Plan for currency exchange: Research and plan for exchanging your currency into GBP prior to arriving in the UK.
- Arrange transportation: Make sure you arrange transportation from the airport to your accommodation as soon as possible after arriving in the UK.
- Prepare for a different culture: Be aware that the UK has a different culture than what you are used to in Spain and research ahead of time to learn more about British customs and social norms.
When moving to the UK, there are a number of costs that need to be taken into consideration. Firstly, visa applications can be expensive depending on the type of visa applied for. A visit visa can cost up to £95, while a work visa can be significantly more expensive, ranging from £475 to £1,000. Additionally, an immigration health surcharge of £624 needs to be paid if you plan to stay in the UK for longer than six months. Furthermore, if you are applying for settled status or indefinite leave to remain, you will also need to pay an application fee. This fee is currently set at £2,389 per person.
In addition to the fees associated with visas and settlement applications, there are also other costs that need to be taken into consideration. These include transport costs for travelling to the UK, such as flights or ferry tickets, as well as the cost of accommodation and other living expenses.
Finally, if you are planning to bring pets or other animals with you to the UK, there are additional costs that need to be considered. Depending on the type of animal you wish to bring with you, you may need to obtain an animal health certificate or other documentation, which can incur a fee.
Overall, when planning a move to the UK it is important to consider all costs involved, including visa fees and associated charges, transport and accommodation costs, and any additional fees related to bringing pets or other animals with you. This will help ensure that you have enough funds available for your move and that you have budgeted correctly.